A landmark event in 3D printing in 2013, General Electric used 3D printing technology to manufacture more than 85,000 jet engine fuel nozzles for its latest aircraft. Different from the traditional method, they no longer need to assemble 20 different parts, but use a 3D printer to form one piece.
In 2016, a 400-square-meter two-story villa debuted in the industrial zone of Songzhuang Town, Tongzhou District, Beijing. The walls of the villa were all printed using 3D printing technology. The duration was only 45 days.
3D printing technology has been hailed as the new technology leading the third industrial revolution. It has attracted attention in recent years and has not only led the technology industry to a new direction, but also brought new development opportunities for the education industry. It is understood that in 2016, almost all primary and secondary schools in China are equipped with 3D printers. What is the development of the domestic 3D printing education application? What are the solutions and solutions? What is the development and profitability of 3D printing listed companies? What are the development trends in the future?
First, 3D printing technology research faction distribution map
3D printing as a guide for high-end manufacturing technology has attracted much attention from the industry. The time for domestic 3D printing technology research is basically synchronized with the world. Currently, several units that carry out 3D printing research have their own characteristics. Tsinghua University has carried out 3D printing technology research earlier in the country. The research area is mainly focused on electron beam selective zone melting technology, and it has developed related 3D printing equipment. Beihang has developed a laser rapid prototyping engineering complete set of equipment for the aircraft's large-scale integrated titanium alloy main bearing structure. The Northwestern Polytechnical University established a laser rapid prototyping system and conducted process experiments on a variety of metallic materials; Huazhong University of Science and Technology conducted research on 3D printing of metallic materials and macromolecule materials; and Xi'an Jiaotong University produced 3D printing of built-in biomedical materials. Laser cladding and forming of metal materials has been carried out and a number of clinical cases have been completed for individualized orthopaedic 3D printing. The relationship between the relatively well-known 3D printing companies in China and universities and their related situations in the 3D printing industry are shown in Table 1.
Major domestic 3D printing industry company business and its supporting research team
Second, 3D printing company's educational layout
According to the survey, in 2015, major foreign 3D printing listed companies were in a state of loss or profit, and the status of major domestic 3D printing listed companies was also the same. It is reported that foreign 3D printing listed companies listed on Nasdaq, including Faro, MaterialiseNv, ExoneCo, Stratasys, 3D printing giant 3DSystems will be listed on the NYSE. Among these foreign 3D printing listed companies, Faro and SLM Solutions are in a state of low profit. The remaining listed companies are in a loss state, and Stratasys has a relatively high level of losses.
Relatively speaking, the number of listed companies in the domestic 3D printing industry is relatively small, including the first three-dimensional, Fenghua Zhuoli, Luen Thai Technology, the three tribes, Jiayi Gaoke. Most of the domestic 3D printing companies chose the listing location on the New Third Board, and the three tribes selected the listing location at the Shanghai Equity Exchange Center. Among domestic 3D printing listed companies, Luen Thai Technology, Xianwei 3D and Fenghua Zhuoli are in a profitable state, and most of the remaining listed companies are in a loss state.
3D printing listed companies have great expectations for education. One of the first three-dimensional three-dimensional business layout is to use 3D printing innovative classrooms and 3D printing innovative medical examination center business models as the starting point in education and creative consumption, combined with 3D data cloud. The platform, through online and offline, on-campus and off-campus, quickly replicated and inspires students, families, and consumers to inspire enthusiasm and interest in 3D printing products. Combined with education, it has become one of the breakthroughs in the 3D printing industry. "Investment education is investing in the future customers." Zhao Dong, deputy general manager of the first three-dimensional terms. Beike Everbright has been working in 3D technology field for nearly 10 years and has launched 3DCloud photo modeling service platform, 3D printers and other products. However, Everbright Everbright has not only stopped at the 3D industry, but has integrated it with the education of teenagers, introduced the concept of steam education, developed a series of related courses, and built a 3D+ intellectual museum, using a fun and entertaining way. Bring the latest technology to teenagers. Jiayi Hi-tech invested and established Wuhan Jiayi 3D Education Technology Co., Ltd., dedicated to the application of 3D technology in education and education, and provided a 3D education and teaching solution.
Domestic main 3D printing listed company
The chase of 3D printing education in the capital market. In October 2015, the 3D printing platform “Monkey Web” received a million rounds of financing from Taiyue. The early magic monkey network team mainly provides professional 3D printing services for professional users. In order to meet the requirements of professional users from all walks of life for different sizes, materials, and precision, the magic monkey team has accumulated a lot of different specifications of 3D printers, and They formed a print network.
Soybean Technology is the first company in the world to use 3D printers as its main business, and it is also the first company in the world to develop application software exclusively for 3D printers. On November 25th, 2015, the 3D printing education program for young children, Doudou Technology, raised 14.47 million yuan for over-financing, which was an equity crowdfunding project initiated by Jingdou Finance. At the end, only 7.09 million yuan was invested, and the current round of soybeans The pre-investment valuation of science and technology is 32 million yuan.
Capital Markets' Pursuit of 3D Printing Education
Third, 3D printing education investment case
3D printing technology can realize the organic combination of the virtual world and the physical world, integrate touch and vision, and grasp the three-dimensional model of the core concepts through the students' haptic, thus making the boring curriculum vivid. The combination of 3D printing and teaching lies not in its technology but as a tool. The original abstraction can be made into concrete objects through 3D printing. The school-based curriculum for 3D printing will continue to be developed. However, the focus is still on design. 3D printing becomes a necessary carrier for the curriculum. Just like computers, it integrates the education system of primary and secondary schools.
Fourth, the industry bottleneck to be broken
Domestic enterprises involved in 3D printing are still in the stage of extensive production equipment. They lack the core leading enterprises. More importantly, domestic 3D printing companies have problems such as production efficiency, material shortage, and lack of core technologies.
"Can not be commercialized in mass production, this is also the most criticized in the industry." The reason, industry experts revealed that on the one hand, 3D printing supplies used are very limited. At present, 3D printing supplies raw materials are only 10 kinds of gypsum, inorganic powder, photosensitive resin, plastics, ceramics, etc., and the price is more expensive, especially the metal. On the other hand, the price of 3D printers is very high. Most desktop 3D printers are priced at 20,000 yuan. The price of domestic imitations is about 6,000 yuan, but the quality is difficult to guarantee.
“There are two bottlenecks in the education of 3D printing. One is the lack of teachers. The second is the lack of executive leaders who really understand the 3D printing project,” said Yang Dehong of the 3D Printing Innovation Laboratory at the Chinese Academy of Sciences. "3D printing projects without substantial results will eventually be eliminated."
V. 3D Printing Education Outlook: Eruption Immediately
There is a bottleneck in 3D printing education, but the development momentum is not at all drastic. According to the latest survey, the global revenue of the 3D printing industry in 2011 was US$1.714 billion, rising to US$5.165 billion in 2015. From the 2011 3D printing industry, the revenue maintained a 30% compound growth rate. In 2016, the 3D printing industry has maintained a rapid development trend. The global 3D printing market will reach $35.4 billion.
In the emerging technology field, 3D printing has gone through the hype stage and is rapidly integrating into people's production and life. As a kind of high-quality educational resources and a new form of educational informatization, 3D education will create a brand-new teaching model and will be the development trend of future education.
The promotion of education by 3D printing is not one-way. In turn, the penetration into the education field can promote the evolution of 3D printing technology. Whether it is the promotion of education through 3D printing or the back-feeding of education to the 3D industry, the vitality and tremendous development prospects of 3D printing are exciting.